Madrid Declaration on Science Diplomacy

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THE MADRID DECLARATION ON SCIENCE DIPLOMACY

PREAMBLE

Science diplomacy has long been a tool to develop bilateral and multilateral relationships. However, the definition and applications of science diplomacy have broadened considerably in recent years. This conceptual broadening coincides with the growing understanding that science and technology underpin so many of the challenges and opportunities that current societies face, whether as a driver or a potential solution. Integrating science into foreign policy to not only advance national interests but also to tackle shared global challenges is an appropriate response.

In this context, S4D4C organized the 1st Global Meeting on Science Diplomacy titled “EU Science Diplomacy beyond 2020” in Madrid in December 2018. At this event, experts from around the world discussed the present and future of science diplomacy, its fundamental role in addressing global challenges and the requirements to harness its full potential in the EU and beyond.

As a result of these fruitful discussions this “Madrid Declaration on Science Diplomacy” was signed by a group of high-level experts who contributed to the conference. It proclaims a common vision of science diplomacy in the future, emphasizes the benefits science diplomacy can bring to tackling the global challenges of our time and outlines the principles needed to foster science diplomacy worldwide.

VISION

The “Madrid Declaration on Science Diplomacy” aims to foster agreement and raise awareness about the need to strengthen science diplomacy strategies and practices world-wide for the support of universal scientific and democratic values. These strategies are required to suitably include science and technology as key dimensions of foreign policy and international relationships at different political levels. This confluence of interests must be in the benefit of both the scientific endeavor as well as legitimate broader political and societal objectives.

Science diplomacy, in the context of this Declaration, is understood as a series of practices at the intersection of science, technology and foreign policy. The renewed interest in science diplomacy comes in response to identified challenges at the interface of science and foreign policy, where a greater scientific voice could both add value to bi- and multilateral discussions and decisions about our shared global concerns. Joint science diplomacy objectives are possible where actors converge around such common challenges. Therefore, science diplomacy goes beyond international science collaboration, as it tackles interests that go beyond the scientific ones and may directly or indirectly serve to advance diplomatic goals. The Madrid conference highlighted the growing importance of science diplomacy on a global level. One important role for science diplomacy, in this regard, is to build bridges between science, technology and innovation practices, national and regional interests, as well as global challenges.

We firmly believe that:

  • Science diplomacy is often not fully exploited at all levels of governance, and especially at supranational levels;
  • More explicit science diplomacy strategies at national and supranational levels would allow for a more effective alignment of interests and a more efficient coordination of resources.

 

BENEFITS OF SCIENCE DIPLOMACY

We firmly believe that the potential of science diplomacy is yet to be fully realized. It includes:

  • Endeavors to address global challenges.Science and technology are global enterprises. Together with other tools in diplomacy, science diplomacy can facilitate the identification of common global challenges. Coordinated scientific efforts can help to address these global challenges. The relationship between global challenges and scientific practices goes both ways. Efforts to achieve the “Sustainable Development Goals” are an example of how global challenge-related policy-making and scientific research must be in constant dialogue.
  • More productive and sustainable international relationsat multilateral and bilateral levels owing their interaction with science and technology. The precondition for this is that scientific activities are considered but not appropriated by broader political rationales.
  • Evidence-informed foreign policy supported by science and technology, aiming at substantive and resilient international agreements, treaties and policies.
  • Better conditions for scientific activities due to the contribution of foreign policy agendas. Diplomacy, with the support of the scientific community, has a particular role to play in the implementation of larger scientific initiatives and projects (e.g. research infrastructures, joint programmes, etc.).
  • Improved interfaces between science and public policies. Science diplomacy can contribute to eliminating cultural, sectoral, and knowledge barriers between different actors such as policy-makers, researchers, diplomatic bodies and civil society.

PRINCIPLES TO FOSTER SCIENCE DIPLOMACY WORLDWIDE

  • Value for citizens:governments, diplomats and researchers are encouraged to acknowledge and demonstrate science diplomacy as a fundamental and universal tool to improve international relations in general.
  • Methodological diversity: consider explicit and implicit types of science diplomacy objectives. This involves acknowledging that not all relevant science diplomacy practices are labelled as such. Putting the science diplomacy label on a given project, programme or policy is a strategic choice.
  • Demonstrable impact:the potential positive effects of science diplomacy need to be measured and recognized. At the same time, there may be unintended side effects that need to be acknowledged and assessed. Public policies not relating to science diplomacy may also have unintended effects in the realm of science diplomacy.
  • Evidence-informed: in foreign affairs-related policies in relevant areas. This knowledge can be content-related (e.g. scientific evidence on climate change, global inequality, cyber security), context-related (e.g. knowledge about a specific innovation system) or process-related (e.g. evaluative knowledge on the effects and the outcome of science diplomacy interventions).
  • Collaboration and inclusion: science diplomacy is a multi-actor effort in which diplomats, scientists and science managers as well as other non- state actors can have a role and can contribute to its deployment. This applies at the local, regional, national and international level. This innovative model brings new governance and coordination mechanisms that need to be managed in dialogue with all stakeholders.
  • Capacity building:All stakeholders involved in science diplomacy will benefit from exchange and suitable capacity building activities. Therefore, cutting-edge, interdisciplinary, intergenerational, interactive training modules are needed. These will enable diplomats, public officials and scientists to cooperate in an efficient way, strengthening future science diplomacy. This capacity building runs in parallel to the need to establish new science diplomacy positions such as science advisors in foreign ministries, scientific staff at Embassies, etc., which will also foster new career paths for science diplomacy professionals.
  • Independence of science: science is an extremely useful tool for addressing global challenges and for improving international relationships as long as it is not distorted by ideological goals

The declaration is intending a truly global reach. If you would like to sign it as well, just send your name, affiliation and motivation to sign to s4d4c@fecyt.es!

The Madrid Declaration as pdf: Download

People:

SIGNATORIES OF THE DECLARATION BY ALPAHBETICAL ORDER 

Note: The experts promoting this Declaration are signing on an individual basis. Their signature does not mean endorsement by any institution.

Name

Surname

Position

Reham

Abo-Shnaf

Researcher, Plant Protection Research Institute (PPRI), Egypt

Muhammad

Adeel

Career Diplomat, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan

Yousuf

Al Bulushi

Head of Science, Knowledge and Technology Transfer Office (SKTT) Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Oman

Katalin

Alföldi

Policy Officer and Grant Coordinator, European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST)

Khaled

Alhazmi

King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia

Nelva

Alvarado

Researcher, University of Panama

Orhan

Alta

Professor, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

Ana

Anselmo

International Matters, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Germany

Karina Elizabeth

Aquino Valle

Coordinator of Multilateral Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Honduras

Francisco Emilio

Argote Vega

Lecturer, Universidad Mariana, Pasto, Colombia; and Universidad Miguel Hernández, Alicante, Spain

Cristina

Arias-Navarro

Scientific Programme Manager, French National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France

Ewert

Aukes

Post-doctoral Researcher, University of Twente, the Netherlands

Chagun

Basha

Policy Fellow, DST’s Policy Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India

Zukhra

Bektepova

Project Officer, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)

Yoran

Beldengrün

Mercator Fellow on International Affairs 18/19 in Science Diplomacy

Aranzazu

Berbery-Alvarez

Railway Engineering Researcher and Associated Professor, Technological University of Panama, Panama

Sarah

Beringer

Head of Strategy & Communication, German Historical Institute Washington, USA

Paul

Berkman

Director, Science Diplomacy Center, Tufts University, USA

Mahantesh

Biradar

Postdoctoral Fellow, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taiwan

Marta

Božina Beroš

Associate Professor, University of Pula, Croatia

Philipp

Brugner

Project Manager, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria

Neha

Bhutani

Postdoctoral Researcher, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Canada

Veronica

Buccheri

Senior Specialist, International Relations Service, National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy

Melody B.

Burkins

Associate Director, John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding, Dartmouth College. Chair, US National Academies’ Board on International Scientific Organizations (BISO). Governing Board, International Science Council (ISC). Senior Fellow, UArctic Institute of Arctic Policy. Advisory Board, Science Diplomacy Division of International Network of Government Science Advisors (INGSA)

Cecilia

Cabello

General Director, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)

Johana

Cabrera

Director, Science Connect, Chile

Reina

Camacho Toro

Research Scientist, Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE/CNRS), ATLAS experiment at CERN, France

Montaña

Cámara

Professor in Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, University Complutense of Madrid, Spain

Franklin

Carrero-Martínez

Board Director, National Academy of Sciences, USA

Isabel

Carrilero

Associate Director, Industry Association of Navarra, Spain

María Esmeralda

Castelló Gómez

Associate Professor of Research, Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable, Ministry of Education and Culture, Uruguay

Sara

Cebrián

Science and Innovation Attaché, UK-Science and Innovation Network (SIN-UK), British Embassy in Madrid

Siti Khodijah

Chaerun

Professor, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia

Tatjana

Christelbauer

President, Agency for Cultural Diplomacy (ACD), Austria

William

Colglazier

Senior Scholar, Center for Science Diplomacy, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), USA

Pedro

Cortegoso

Education Attaché, Spanish Embassy in Brazil

Marie

Croce

Former Junior Researcher, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria

Kerstin

Cuhls

Scientific Project Manager, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Germany

Elke

Dall

Senior Researcher, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria

Alexander

Degelsegger-Márquez

Head of Digital Health and Innovation, Austrian Public Health Institute, Austria

Estrella

Díaz Sánchez

Distinguished Researcher and Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

Wolfgang

Eberhardt

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Delegate of Germany to the Council of SESAME

Christoph S.

Eberle

Biochemist, Boston, MA, USA

Luisa

Echeverría

Internationalisation Advisor, Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje (SENA), Colombia

Ana

Elorza

Science Advice Coordinator, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)

Javier

Escudero

President, Society of Spanish Researchers in the United Kingdom, UK

Omololu

Fawunga

Researcher, University of Huddersfield, UK

Pedro

Figueroa

Coordinator, National Agency for Research and Development (ANID), Chile

Andrew

Fenemor

Senior Scientist Integrated Catchment Management, Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research, New Zealand

Tim

Flink

Post-doctoral Researcher and Lecturer, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany

Cristina

Fraile

Deputy Head of Mission, Spanish Embassy in the US

Wiebke

Frey

Researcher, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS), Leipzig, Germany

Laura

García Ibáñez

Specialist in Immunology, Cancer and Health Policy, Brussels, Belgium

Silvia Herminia

García Martínez

Auditor, Instituto de Fomento Municipal, Guatemala

Miguel

García-Herráiz Roobaert

Former Deputy Secretary General, Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), Spain

Kemel Ahmed

Ghotme

Director of Translational Neuroscience Research Lab, Universidad de la Sabana, Colombia

Rolando A.

Gittens

Researcher, Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas y Servicios de Alta Tecnología (INDICASAT AIP), Panamá

Peter

Gluckman

Chair, International Network for Government Science Advice, New Zealand

Didier

Goosens

Head of Corporate Communication, Fonds National de la Recherche, Luxembourg

Robin

Grimes

Professor, Imperial College London. Former Chief Science Adviser, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) of the United Kingdom, UK

Nicole

Grobert

Chief Scientific Advisor, Science Advice Mechanism, European Commission

Marga

Gual Soler

International Science Diplomacy Advisor, Member of the Research, Innovation, and Science Experts (RISE) High-Level Group to European Commissioner Carlos Moedas, Spain

Adrián

Gutiérrez

Science & Technology Counsellor, CDTI representative, Spanish Embassy in New Delhi, India

Claudia

Guerrero

Director of International Cooperation, Panama

Jürgen

Haberleithner

Professor and Researcher, Universidad de Colima, Mexico

Martina

Hartl

Deputy Head of Department, Department of International Research Cooperation and Science Diplomacy, Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Research, Austria

John R.

Helliwell

Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, University of Manchester, UK

Ralf

Hermann

Head, German Office for International Cooperation in Vocational Education and Training (GOVET)

Alma Cristal

Hernández-Mondragón

Director, Science, Centers and Transfer of Knowledge, SECTEI, México City Government

Mirabbos

Hojamberdiev

Research Professor, Department of Natural and Mathematic Sciences, Turin Polytechnic University, Uzbekistan

Viktoria

Holler

Project Manager, IÖB-Servicestelle, Austria

Maximilian

Huck

Project Manager, Diplomatische Akademie Wien, Austria

Niccolò

Iorno

Science Officer, Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Switzerland

Borja

Izquierdo

Director, International Science Department Director, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)

Agnieszka

Jarzewicz

Independent Expert for the European Commission

Maria

Josten

Senior Scientific Officer, German Aerospace Center / Project Management Agency (DLR)

Cyrus

Kamau Kihuha

Chief Analyst; Infrastructure, Information and Communication Services; National Commission for Science, Technology and Innovation, Republic of Kenya

Malvina

Karaj

Technical Director of Pharmacy, Albania

Victoria

Kayser-Cuny

International Expert in Education, USA

Dirk-Jan

Koch

Chief Science Officer, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Netherlands

Jacek Łukasz

Kolanowski

Principal Investigator, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry PAS in Poznan, and Vice-Chair-Elect, Polish Young Academy, Poland

Thomas

König

Head of Strategy and Scientific Services, Institute for Advanced Studies Vienna, Austria

Andriy

Kozka

Vice-President of International of Public Diplomacy Mission, Ukraine

R. Andreas

Kraemer

Founder, Ecologic Institute, European Union

Olga

Krasnyak

Lecturer in International Studies, Underwood International College, Yonsei University, Korea

Radenka

Krsmanović Whiffen

Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellow, ENEA Casaccia Research Centre, Rome, Italy

Elisabeth

Kubin

Postdoctoral Researcher in Physical and Biological Oceanography, National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics (OGS), Italy

Stefan

Kuhlmann

Professor, University of Twente, the Netherlands

Léonard

Laborie

Researcher, CNRS, Deputy Coordinator of the Horizon 2020 project “Inventing a shared science diplomacy for Europe” (InsSciDE), France

Luis Miguel

Lacerda

President, Portuguese Association of Researchers and Students in the UK, UK

Izaskun

Lacunza

Head of Unit, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)

Lorena

Lamas

PhD in International Relations, Researcher of International Cooperation for Sustainable Development, Uruguay

Angela

Liberatore

Head of Unit Social Sciences and Humanities, European Research Council Executive Agency

David

Mandelweit

Researcher, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

Júlia

Mascarello

Master Student, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil

Katja

Mayer

Scientific Project Manager, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria

Claire

Mays

Executive Director, Horizon 2020 project “Inventing a shared science diplomacy for Europe” (InsSciDE), France

Peter

McGrath

Coordinator, Science Policy/Science Diplomacy Programme, The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), Italy

Lorenzo

Melchor

EU Science Advice and Diplomacy Officer, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)

Margoth

Mena Young

Researcher, Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica

Nadia

Meyer

Senior Scientific Officer, German Aerospace Center / Project Management Agency (DLR)

Alexandra

Middleton

Assistant Professor, University of Oulu, Finland

James

Moran

Ambassador, Associate Senior Fellow, Centre for European Policy Studies, Belgium

Pier Francesco

Moretti

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy

Maria Ángela Lorena

Mosquera Montoya

International Relations Adviser, Colombian National Police

Felix

Moronta-Barrios

Programme Specialist, ICGEB Biosafety, Full Member of the Global Young Academy, Vice-Director of Persea Foundation.

Jan Marco

Müller

Head of Directorate Office, Coordinator for Science to Policy and Science Diplomacy, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria

Dicky

Muslim

Associate Professor, Universitas Padjadjaran (UNPAD), Indonesia

Bashirullah

Najimi

Transform Fund Specialist, The Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), Division of Science, Technology and Innovation (IDB-STI), Saudi Arabia

Suryesh K

Namdeo

Programme Officer, DST Centre for Policy Research, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India

Ababacar Sadick

Ndoye

Chairman, Partner Relations Commission, Académie Nationale des Sciences et Techniques du Sénégal

Mona

Nemer

Chief Scientific Advisor to Canada´s Prime Minister, Canada

Eduardo

Oliver

Secretary-General, Network of Associations of Spanish Researchers and Scientists Abroad (RAICEX), Spain

Miguel

Oliveros

Cultural and Scientific Diplomatic Counselor, Spanish Embassy in London

Gonzalo

Ordoñez Matamoros

Assistant Professor, University of Twente, the Netherlands

Farah

Ouechtati

Researcher and Lecturer, Sorbonne University, France

Miriam

Palacios-Callender

Visiting Researcher, Global Health and Social Medicine, King’s College London, UK

Florencia

Paoloni

Science and Technology Secretary, Italian – Latin America International Organization (IILA), Roma, Italy

Danev Ricardo

Pérez Valeriano

Head of International Relations, Instituto Finlay de Vacunas, Cuba

Marinella

Perosa

Trieste, Italy

Minh-Hà

Pham

Vice President for International Relations, Université PSL, France

Steven

Phipps

Senior Research Fellow, University of Tasmania, Australia

Sergiu

Porcescu

Founder, Knowledge HUB Moldova

Carlos

Quintana

National Manager for China and Russia, Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI), Spain

Rémi

Quirion

Chief Scientist of Québec, Gouvernment du Québec, Canada

Alexander

Raer

PhD Candidate, University of Tübingen, Germany

Moaz ur

Rahman

Principal Scientist, National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE), Pakistan

Pauline

Ravinet

Assistant Professor, University of Lille, France

Jonas

Reiche-Weiland

Academic Coordinator, Arab-German Young Academy, Germany

Margarida

Ribeiro

Policy Officer, DG Research and Innovation, European Commission

Gilda Maria

Rodrigues Lopes

Researcher, Centre for Marine and Environmental Research (CIMA), University of Algarve, Portugal

Alexis

Roig

CEO, SciTech DiploHub – the Barcelona Science and Technology Diplomacy Hub, Spain

Marco

Rondón Robles

Biologist, Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (SERNANP), Perú

Raquel

Saiz

Director of Strategy and Analysis, Asociación Española de Bioempresas (ASEBIO), Spain

Daniel

Santos

Head of Department of Physics, University of Oviedo, Spain

Gulsen

Saray

Lecturer, HBVU University, Turkey

Wagdy

Sawahel

Research Professor, National Research Centre (NRC), Egypt

Zehra

Sayers

Professor, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabancı University, Turkey

Klaus

Schuch

Scientific Director, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria

Seyed

Shahmy

Senior Scientist, National Science and Technology Commission, Sri Lanka

Mostafa Moonir

Shawrav

Vice-Chair, Marie Curie Alumni Association (MCAA)

Fernando

Simón

Director, Spanish Coordinating Centre for Health Alerts and Emergencies

Paramdeep

Singh

Associate Professor, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, India

Daniëlla

Smit

Project Officer in Maritime Safety and Security and Disaster Risk Management, Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Secretariat, Mauritius

Anna

Soliguer Guix

PhD Student, Information and Knowledge Society, Open University of Catalunya (UOC), Spain

Grigore

Stamatescu

Associate Professor, Department of Automation and Industrial Informatics, University “Politehnica” of Bucharest, Romania

Verónica

Suárez

Head of Institutional Relations, Agencia Uruguaya de Cooperación Internacional, Presidencia de la República Oriental del Uruguay

Abdel Nasser

Tawfik

Professor of Physics, Nile University (NU), Egypt

Chaibi M.

Thameur

Director of Research, Institut National de Recherche en Génie Rural Eaux et Forêts (INRGREF), Tunisia

Francesca

Tolve

Office for European and International Relations, National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Italy

Ramón

Torrent

President of OBREAL, Coordinator of EULAC Focus

Mario

Torres

Director, European Institute of International Studies, Sweden

Ivonne

Torres-Atencio

Director, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Panama, Panama

Moctar

Touré

Vice-President, The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), Italy

Riccardo

Trobbiani

Project Researcher, United Nations University Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS), Belgium

Luk

Van Langenhove

, Horizon 2020 Project “European Leadership for Cultural, Science and Innovation Diplomacy” (EL-CSID), Belgium

Peter

Vangsbo

Executive Director, Innovation Center Denmark, Danish Embassy to Korea

David

Velázquez

Communication Officer, EU Polar-net, Alfred-Wegener-Institute, Germany

Yoan Israel

Viamonte Garrido

SciTechIntel Consulting Services, Ecuador

Petrica

Vizureanu

Director, Department of Technologies and Equipment for Materials Processing, Faculty of Materials Sciences & Engineering, Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania

Alexandra

Vorobiova Belova

Predoctoral Researcher, Department of Historical Sciences and Musicology, Milá y Fontanals Institute, The Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Kaustubh R.

Wadekar

i-M Tech Student & NPTEL-SWAYAM Coordinator, Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT) Mumbai – IndianOil Odisha Campus (IOC) Bhubaneswar, India

Tom

Wang

Former Director, Centre for Science Diplomacy, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), USA

Claudia Natalie

Widmaier Müller

Foreign Trade Technician, Uruguayan National Customs

Akadiri

Yessoufou

Associate Professor, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

Mitchell

Young

Assistant Professor, Charles University, Czech Republic

Lassina

Zerbo

Executive Secretary, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)

 

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